South valley: tipon, pikillacta, andahuaylillas, and raqchi (half day)
This trip starts by picking them up from your hotel around 08:30 am. Then we will go by bus to the south of Cusco, during this trip we will be able to observe beautiful landscapes of the Andean Mountain Range. The first stop will be the archaeological center of Tipón, ceremonial center Inka where through a stone channel the flow of water from the high summits of the Pachatusan hill to the lowlands of the valley was controlled.
Later we will visit the Archaeological Complex of Pikillaqta which literally means “city of fleas”. It is an old walled citadel of the Wari Empire, which was one of the most important regional centers of the Wari Culture in its expansion into the city of Cusco.
Finally we will conclude the trip visiting the beautiful Church of Andahuaylillas, little jewel of the Colonial period, also known as ‘The Sistine of America’, inside which is an impressive collection of canvases with gold plated frames and mural paintings, baroque altarpieces , and more. Likewise we can appreciate the famous pentalingue door
This, without a doubt, was the most important monument of colonial times, but today it is completely abandoned. The original Quechua name of the park is unknown. You can see diverse groups of royal rooms that according to Víctor Angles were built by the Inca Wiraqocha as a refuge for his father YawarWakaq, on his return from the war against the Chancas.
This group of villages is located at an altitude of 3,500 meters. (11,480 feet). In addition there is a large cultivation area containing 12 very fertile terraces that are currently cultivated, and whose walls were built with carved stones
Pikillacta, is considered today as one of the best known and best preserved pre-Inca cities that exist in Peru. It is located 30 km southeast of the city of Cusco, about 3350 meters high and covers a territory of approximately 50 hectares.
In the pre-Inca period, the Lucre Basin was occupied by the Wari, managing to dominate the area in this way, maintaining supremacy from Chelques-Paruro. In this regard, Ravines (1982) tells us that the Wari, before settling in Pikillaqta, occupied the Chelques sector first. When the Wari Basin was established in the Basin, the expansionist organization limited itself to actions aimed at social, economic, and political development. , administrative, concordant with the development of cultural and local formations. The importance of the Wari rooted in the urban and governmental planning achieved in this way the high degree of knowledge in engineering, achieving lebantar architectural works of great importance, designed under defined urban patterns that served as models of construction to later cultures. Lumbreras (1982) points out that the Wari developed majestic engineering works, evidenced by the high technology, organization and urban policy of the state seal, forging a model of “cultural city”. Established according to defined architectural patterns, mainly in the use of “urban module”.
Starting from the imperial capital of Cusco, to the south at 117 km. Is the Inka city of Kacha, current Rachachi Khacha, in the northern part of this Urban Center is the Kimsach ata volcano, linked to the legend of the passage of God Wiraqocha, the ethnohistorical data show us that Khacha has been erected to Wiraqocha, Teqsi-wiraqocha, Teqsi- pachacamac wiraqocha, Pachacamac, which are the nominations recorded by the chroniclers to refer to the almighty creator, among them Cristobal de Molina, Juan Santa Cruz Pachacutec Salqamayhua, Polo de Ondegardo, Cieza de León.
The peculiarities of Inca buildings are adapted to the same geomorphology previously planned by engineers and builders, this is visualized with K’acha or Raqchi erected in a volcanic area, the entire Inca city is walled, but at its eastern and western ends it is find covers of exit and entrance of the urban center, for this old city passes the royal road towards the Qollasuyo and / or the altiplano one of the regions of the Empire.
In its internal structure the monument itself presents the spaces corresponding to the Wiraqocha temple, the secondary rooms or temples, the circular dwellings, the Inca square or Pujllanapampa, the ceremonial fountains, the platforms of the south western part associated with the esplanade.
It is a cozy town of more or less 5 000 inhabitants that receives the traveler in its immense and serene plaza de armas, populated by old pisonayes. His church, from the outside, does not stop being beautiful, in spite of its simplicity: it is raised on a platform accessed by tiers. It has, like many Andean temples, an open chapel in the shape of a balcony, guarded by a solid bell tower of solid square plan. From the atrium, three bare stone crosses are set in sublime height. Possibly, it was erected on the site of a pre-Hispanic building, a guaca, perhaps; inside there are traces of Inca walls.
Undoubtedly the murals are the most striking of the church of Andahuaylillas. The most famous pair is the one found on the inside face of the entrance wall. It shows us the two paths of existence: towards the left, the easy path, which leads to hell; to the right, the difficult one, which leads to paradise. Its simple and almost naive symbology, according to its didactic character, does not manage to obscure the expressive force of its images. Most of these beautiful murals were made by Riaño.
Pick up from the hotel (recomended 8:30, optional)
Tour to the South Valley Tourist Circuit includes the guided visit toTipón, Pikillacta, Raqchi and Andahuaylillas), optional lunch in the traditional surrounding restaurants
- Professional Guide
- Tourist transport
- Oxygen bottle and first aid kit
- Tourist Ticket´s price / 70.00 PEN (U$ 22.00 aprox)
These are our tour terms and conditions